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A day in the life of Eve and Adam in a garden called Paradise


Authors: Jo Milgrom and Yoel Duman

Article Sources:

Genesis Rabba 8:1
And God said, Let us make man, etc. - R. Yohanan commenced [his discourse], You have enclosed me before and after, etc. (Ps. 139:5). Said R. Yohanan, If a man is worthy, he enjoys both worlds, for it says, You have enclosed me before [birth] and after [death]. But if not, he will have to render a full account, as it is said, And laid Your hand upon me.
R. Jeremiah b. Elazar said, When the Holy One, blessed be He, created Adam, , He created him androgynous for it is said, Male and female created He them
R. Samuel b. Nahman said, When the Lord created Adam He created him double-faced, then He split him and made him of two backs, one back on this side and one back on the other side.
To this it is objected, But it is written, And He took one of his ribs, etc.
He responded, It means one of his sides, as we read, As for the second side of the tabernacle (Exod 26:20).
Genesis Rabba 14:7
Of the dust (afar) - R. Judah b. Simon said, [Read] a young man (ofer): He was created as a young man in his fullness.
R. Elazar b. R. Simeon said, Eve too was created fully developed.
R. Yohanan said, Adam and Eve were created as at the age of twenty.
R. Huna said, Dust (afar) is masculine, while earth (adamah) is feminine: a potter takes male dust and female earth in order that his vessels may be sound.
Genesis Rabba 18:6
And they were both naked, but were not abashed - R. Leazar said, Three there were who did not remain in their tranquility six hours—Adam, Israel and Sisera. Adam, for it is written, lo’ yittboshashu, which means `six hours had not passed` (lo’ ba`u shesh shaot)
But they were not abashed. Now the serpent was more subtle, etc. - Now surely Scripture should have stated [at this point], And the Lord God made for Adam and his wife garments of skin.
Said R. Joshua b. Karah, It teaches you by what sin that wicked creature trapped them; because he saw them engaged in love play, he conceived a passion for her.
Leviticus Rabba 29:1
…on New Year`s Day, in the first hour the idea of creating man entered His mind, in the second He took counsel with the Ministering Angels, in the third He assembled Adam`s dust, in the fourth He kneaded it, in the fifth He shaped him, in the sixth He made him into a lifeless body, in the seventh He breathed a soul into him, in the eight He brought him into the Garden of Eden, in the ninth he was commanded [against eating of the forbidden fruit], in the tenth he transgressed, in the eleventh he was judged, in the twelfth he was pardoned.
`This,` said the Holy One, blessed be He, to Adam, `will be a sign to your children. As you stood in judgment before Me this day and came out with a free pardon, so will your children in the future stand in judgment before Me on this day and will come out from My presence with a free pardon.` When will that be? In the seventh month, on the first day of the month (Leviticus 23:24).
Koran
[2.30] And when your Lord said to the angels, I am going to place in the earth a khalif, they said: What! wilt Thou place in it such as shall make mischief in it and shed blood, and we celebrate Thy praise and extol Thy holiness? He said: Surely I know what you do not know. [2.31] And He taught Adam all the names, then presented them to the angels; then He said: Tell me the names of those if you are right. [2.32] They said: Glory be to Thee! we have no knowledge but that which Thou hast taught us; surely Thou art the Knowing, the Wise. [2.33] He said: O Adam! inform them of their names. Then when he had informed them of their names, He said: Did I not say to you that I surely know what is secret in the heavens and the earth and (that) I know what you manifest and what you hide? [2.34] And when We said to the angels: Make obeisance to Adam they did obeisance, but Iblis (did it not). He refused and he was proud, and he was one of the unbelievers. [2.35] And We said: O Adam! Dwell you and your wife in the garden and eat from it a plenteous (food) wherever you wish and do not approach this tree, for then you will be of the unjust. [2.36] But the Shaitan made them both fall from it, and caused them to depart from that (state) in which they were; and We said: Get forth, some of you being the enemies of others, and there is for you in the earth an abode and a provision for a time. [2.37] Then Adam received (some) words from his Lord, so He turned to him mercifully; surely He is Oft-returning (to mercy), the Merciful. [2.38] We said: Go forth from this (state) all; so surely there will come to you a guidance from Me, then whoever follows My guidance, no fear shall come upon them, nor shall they grieve.
7.10] And certainly We have established you in the earth and made in it means of livelihood for you; little it is that you give thanks. [7.11] And certainly We created you, then We fashioned you, then We said to the angels: Make obeisance to Adam. So they did obeisance except Iblis; he was not of those who did obeisance. [7.12] He said: What hindered you so that you did not make obeisance when I commanded you? He said: I am better than he: Thou hast created me of fire, while him Thou didst create of dust. [7.13] He said: Then get forth from this (state), for it does not befit you to behave proudly therein. Go forth, therefore, surely you are of the abject ones. [7.14] He said: Respite me until the day when they are raised up. [7.15] He said: Surely you are of the respited ones. [7.16] He said: As Thou hast caused me to remain disappointed I will certainly lie in wait for them in Thy straight path. [7.17] Then I will certainly come to them from before them and from behind them, and from their right-hand side and from their left-hand side; and Thou shalt not find most of them thankful.
[20.115] And certainly We gave a commandment to Adam before, but he forgot; and We did not find in him any determination. [20.116] And when We said to the angels: Make obeisance to Adam, they made obeisance, but Iblis (did it not); he refused. [20.117] So We said: O Adam! This is an enemy to you and to your wife; therefore let him not drive you both forth from the garden so that you should be unhappy; [20.118] Surely it is (ordained) for you that you shall not be hungry therein nor bare of clothing; [20.119] And that you shall not be thirsty therein nor shall you feel the heat of the sun. [20.120] But the Shaitan made an evil suggestion to him; he said: O Adam! Shall I guide you to the tree of immortality and a kingdom which decays not? [20.121] Then they both ate of it, so their evil inclinations became manifest to them, and they both began to cover themselves with leaves of the garden, and Adam disobeyed his Lord, so his life became evil (to him). [20.122] Then his Lord chose him, so He turned to him and guided (him). [20.123] He said: Get forth you two therefrom, all (of you), one of you (is) enemy to another. So there will surely come to you guidance from Me, then whoever follows My guidance, he shall not go astray nor be unhappy;
Paradise Lost, Book IV - John Milton
Whom fli`st thou? whom thou fli`st, of him thou art, His flesh, his bone; to give thee being I lent Out of my side to thee, neerest my heart Substantial Life, to have thee by my side [ 485 ] Henceforth an individual solace dear; Part of my Soul I seek thee, and thee claim My other half: with that thy gentle hand Seisd mine, I yielded, and from that time see How beauty is excelld by manly grace [ 490 ] And wisdom, which alone is truly fair.
So spake our general Mother, and with eyes Of conjugal attraction unreprov`d, And meek surrender, half imbracing leand On our first Father, half her swelling Breast [ 495 ] Naked met his under the flowing Gold Of her loose tresses hid: he in delight Both of her Beauty and submissive Charms Smil`d with superior Love, as Jupiter On Juno smiles, when he impregns the Clouds [ 500 ] That shed May Flowers; and press`d her Matron lip With kisses pure: aside the Devil turnd For envie, yet with jealous leer maligne Ey`d them askance, and to himself thus plaind.
Sight hateful, sight tormenting! thus these two [ 505 ] Imparadis`t in one anothers arms The happier Eden, shall enjoy thir fill Of bliss on bliss, while I to Hell am thrust, Where neither joy nor love, but fierce desire, Among our other torments not the least, [ 510 ]
Caedmon Manuscript, Old English Paraphrase of Genesis
(ll. 939-951) Lo! now we know how our afflictions came upon us, and mortal misery! Then the Lord of glory, our Creator, clothed them with garments, and bade them cover their shame with their first raiment. He drove them forth from Paradise into a narrower life. By God`s command a holy angel, with a sword of fire, closed fast that pleasant home of peace and joy behind them. No wicked, sinful man may walk therein, but the warden has strength and power, dear unto God in virtue, who guards that life of glory.